Korean Chima and Jogori, Symbol of National Identity
From olden times, the Korean women have liked to put on chima (skirt) and jogori (jacket).
In a long period from the middle ages to the modern times, they created and developed the peculiar chima and jogori, traditional dress suited to natural climatic conditions and their soft emotions.
Chima and jogori came into being in ancient times and took on a basic form during the Three Kingdoms (early 3rd century B.C.-middle 7th century A.D.). In the periods of Koryo (918-1392) and feudal Joson dynasty (1392-1910), the said dress was further developed into an elegant and beautiful, traditional one.
Before the liberation of Korea, the Japanese imperialists made desperate efforts to prevent the Korean women from wearing chima and jogori in a bid to stamp out their national spirit, but the latter had preserved this attire to the last, regarding it as a symbol of the national character.
The Korean women would like to put on the national costume regularly, not only in such significant occasions of life as holidays and wedding ceremony.
Nowadays, the technique of making Korean chima and jogori is widely disseminated through tailor's shops, dress exhibition, technical course, book workshop, video, etc.