The Mode of Shaping Destiny
Man’s demand for independence, a fundamental in shaping his destiny, is not realized of its own accord, but only by a certain mode of his activities. The mode of realizing man’s demand for independence is just that of shaping his destiny.
The Juche idea clearly indicates that the destiny of man is shaped only by his creative activities to reform nature and society purposefully and consciously. This means that the mode of creative activities is the main code of shaping man’s destiny.
“The activities of the popular masses for independent life assume a creative character. Man fills his vital needs through creative activity.”
Things needed for meeting man’s demand for independence do not come into being from the beginning. In the world there is neither a “tree” that bears bread, shoes, clothes and other things needed for people’s living nor a goddess who presents literary and artistic works that satisfy their spiritual and cultural demands.
Their demand for independence grows higher without limit. Of course, it is a vanity to dream of a life unbecoming to one’s standing, but it is natural that people’s demand for independence grows as they make progress. Therefore, such a demand can never be met by the already-existing methods. A method which satisfies man’s needs for independence at present will be an outdated one that cannot meet his needs any longer if they grow.
So it is as clear as day that man must discard the old and produce the new to fill his needs for independence and shape his destiny.
There is enough possibility of doing so. Nature and society change and develop according to their objective laws. For instance, water always changes into steam everywhere when it is heated up to 100 degrees centigrade in one pascal. This enables man to correctly cognize matters and phenomena in the objective world and change and reform them in line with his requirements for independence.
Man also has creative capacity, or scientific and technological knowledge, a direct and decisive factor, to grasp the essence of matters and the law governing their development. On the basis of such a creative capacity he finds out the way to transform the structures, functions, characteristics and forms of matters and phenomena to make them serve his needs and positively transforms them. As a result, they become useful in satisfying his requirements for independence.
Such an activity to do so is just creative activity.
As the matters and phenomena are transformed by his creative activities his demand for independence is realized and his destiny is carved out.
The above-said creative activity of man means the one conducted by the popular masses, the shaper of their destiny and the creator that embodies the inexhaustible creative ability of man.
It has been proved by long human history that the creative activities of the people are the mode of shaping destiny for satisfying man’s demand for independence.
The whole course of human history is the history of creation by the popular masses to carve out their destiny.
In any society every asset that meets the living demands of man is the product of the people’s creative labour.
Thanks to their creative efforts, the working tools have been improved, natural environment has been changed more favourably for man and more better material wealth has been created.
And their efforts to replace the old with the new removed exploitative society to establish advanced social system and boosted social relations in line with man’s intrinsic needs.
Creation as the basic mode of shaping man’s destiny does not come of its own accord but results from struggle. There is no creation without struggle.
In the historical period between the 16th century when capitalism emerged and the 19th century there were people who put forward an idea of eliminating exploitation, oppression, social inequality and private ownership underlying them and of building an equal society based on social ownership. They were called the Utopian socialists as their idea was an impossible fancy. They thought that they could realize their ideal by way of appealing to the “good faith”of exploiting classes.
Charles Fourier, one of Utopian socialists, conceived a Phalanx, a voluntary alliance with no other ties except friendship, which is free from antagonism between city and the countryside and in which everybody can freely work to suit their hobby and aptitude and published a declaration that appealed to propertied persons to offer a million French francs needed for forming it. For years since then, he would wait in vain until late at night every day for any capitalist or influential person to come with the money.
Exploiting classes with cupidity as their class nature have neither good faith nor mercy. History has witnessed no fact that any exploiters conceded their privileged positions by themselves. It tells that the ideal society of mankind where all the people live freely and equally, free from exploitation and oppression, was built not by good faith of exploiting classes but through the socialist revolution to liquidate them.
The same is the case with the activity for nature transformation. As is known, no valuable scientific findings or inventions that contributed to the people’s welfare were made easily. Each achievement mankind made in the course of creative activities to conquer nature is associated with painstaking efforts of many people to unlock the secrets of nature and make its blind power serve man. That is why nature transformation is called the fight against nature.
Furthermore, the people’s creative activities to conquer nature often experience hardships due to the opposition of the reactionary exploiter classes who have no interests in them.
They are hampered by reactionaries even at present called the era of civilization.
For the mere reason that it does not serve the interests of billionaires the fruit of the people’s creative efforts is buried into oblivion or abused as a means of threat to the existence and development of human being. Such examples can be found in profusion.
Therefore, creation as the basic mode of shaping destiny is accompanied by struggle and only through it can the demand for independence of the popular masses be fully satisfied.
The creation is not only a course of transforming matters and phenomena of the objective world but that of training the people, the driving force of creation, into a more powerful being and, accordingly, their creative activities are conducted constantly on a higher level.
Researchers predict scientific and technological achievements to be made in the 21st century in various aspects. Some of them are as follows:
An artificial brain for scientific research will be developed in 2018.
A robot with a brain as intelligent as Einstein will come into being in 2030.
An earthly village will be built on the moon and the construction of laboratory in Mars will continue in 2050.
Such astonishing predictions are never improbable but feasible in the near future.
They will surely materialize as the people improve their creative ability uninterruptedly and prepare themselves to be more powerful creative beings through the struggle for transforming the world.
All this clearly proves that only through their creative activities geared to realizing their demand for independence can their destiny be carved out successfully.