The Riddle of Destiny
The question of man’s destiny had remained the riddle of history for a long period.
That is why people were compelled to leave the question at the disposal of any mystic being.
There is a story about the three Fate in ancient Greek myths.
According to it, goddesses who determine the course of human life and even the fate of the supreme deity, Zeus, live in Olympus towering above clouds along with many gods.
Clotho spins the thread of human lives and if one of them is cut a man’s life come to an end. Lachesis draws lots to decide the fortunes of human and Atropos writes down on a long roll of paper the inevitable fates of people decided by her sister goddesses.
The view that man’s fate is predestined by the Absolute was later systematized into a religious doctrine.
In ancient times, there also appeared ideologists who opposed the view, asserting that “Struggle is the lord of all creation as it can make man God, freeman or slave”.
“Song of the Harpist”, a literary work from ancient Egypt, says that no dead man had ever revived to tell about the life in the other world, calling for directing energy into the “work in the world” instead of having an illusion about the “other world”.
The more we go back to the past, of course, the more predominant the mystic, religious notion was in human minds and, accordingly, the word destiny was identified with inevitable fate and has no other alternative but to submit to the fate means that there is no need to discuss the question of destiny any more.
But such a desperate conclusion about destiny has been negated by the course of history and the actual activities of people who make constant efforts to improve their living, not content with the existing conditions.
Then, how comes such a contradiction?
People had long considered the question of their destiny in correlation with any Absolute that surpasses man.
But such an approach is based on a wrong understanding of destiny.
The destiny we are now discussing and every people are interested in deeply consists, in plain language, of man’s social status that decides whether he can lead a happy, fulfilling life with human dignity and value, his living conditions and his future.
Man’s destiny is, therefore, decided in relationship with the surrounding world, not with any mystical, absolute being.
If man divorces from reality, only wedded to theology, his status, living conditions and future will not improve.
They will get better and his destiny will be carved out when he transforms the world surrounding him, which includes nature and society where man lives and conducts activities in line with his demand.
To solve the riddle of destiny it is imperative, above all, to have a correct understanding that the question between man the world, deviating from all mystical, fatalistic point of view of destiny.
The Juche idea, an original man-centred philosophical idea that set it as its basic mission to indicate the way to carve out man’s destiny, newly raised the problem of relationship between man and the world as the fundamental question of philosophy in order to solve the riddle of destiny that had remained unresolved for a long time.
When tracing back to the annals of history of human ideology, al the philosophies can be said to have taken up the relationship between matter and consciousness and that between being and thinking as the fundamental question of philosophy.
The question of these relations was raised to clarify what the world is.
In other words, it is an issue of explaining what the world consists of and whether it changes and develops of its own accord.
Of course, the solution of the issue helps to solve the riddle of man’s destiny. As man’s destiny is shaped in the world, this solution has a great influence on man’s scientific answer to the riddle of destiny. Because even if the essence of the world is explained, there is no answers to clarify the relationship of the world to man above anything else.
In other words, it is needed to elucidate whether man dominates the world or the world dominates him and whether man plays a decisive role in changing and developing the world or the change and development of the world decide man’s progress.
It is natural that if man, who lives and conducts activities in the world while carving out his destiny, becomes the master of the world he can become the master of his own destiny and if he plays a decisive role in developing the world he can play a decisive part in shaping his own destiny.
So, to solve the riddle of destiny it is important to take up the relationship of the world to man as an issue and give an answer to what man’s position and role in the world are.
For this reason, the Juche idea starts the discussion of man’s destiny with the question of relations between man and the world, the question of man’s position and role in the world.
Chairman Kim Jong Il said:
“The Juche philosophy has raised the relationship between the world and man, and man’s position and role in the world, as the fundamental question of philosophy, clarified the philosophical principle that man is the master of everything and that he decides everything and, on this basis, illuminated the absolutely correct way of shaping man’s destiny.”
Since the beginning of philosophical thinking of mankind, the question of whether precedence is given to matter or consciousness had long been taken up as the main subject of study. By transcending the long-standing practice the Juche idea made a historic switchover to the question of relations between man and the world, the question of man’s position and role in the world on the basis of a correct understanding of the actual problem of man’s destiny.
It can be claimed to be a landmark event surpassing the discovery of fire or the establishment of Copernican theory. This is how the scientific basis for solving the riddle of destiny was provided, the riddle which had remained unsolved for thousand years.