Janggi (Korean Chess), Paduk (Go), Yut and Koni Games
Janggi (Korean chess), though simple in composition, has so many varied moves that the more you play, the more interesting it gets. As a Korean saying goes that the weak has the first move, the ethics in the Korean chess has it that the inferior takes the first move, and the older player takes the red chessmen and the younger the blue.
Paduk (go) is an interesting game associated with the ancestors' simple outlook on the universe that the sky is round and the land is square. It was widely propagated in the period of the Three Kingdoms (Koguryo, Paekje and Silla) as well as in the ancient times.
As it was one of the intellectual games that drew interest from not only the public but also the government, the book that explains the tactics was even published in the period of the feudal Joson dynasty. The playing method is that the two players alternately put a stone at an intersection on the board to encircle each other's stones, and the number of stone captives in the captured territory is decisive of the winner.
Yut game is one of women's games in which they compete by moving markers on a board according to the patterns in which four sticks thrown in the air fall. In the old days it was played around New Year's Day, but now it has become one of popular games that everybody enjoys regardless of time and place, season and gender. The four sticks form five patterns when they fall on the dice board: When three of them fall on the obverse side and one on the reverse side, this is called to, worth one point. When two of them fall on the obverse side with the other two on the reverse side, it is kae, worth two points. When one falls on the obverse side with the other three on the reverse side, it is called kol, worth three points. When all of the four sticks fall on the obverse side, it is called yut or ssyung, worth four points. When all of the four sticks fall on the reverse side, it is called mo, worth five points, the top points. The board has 29 positions in all which are said to represent constellations.
The winner is the one who scores more yut and completes more rounds along the course of the board. How to drop sticks for desired marks is essential, but the tactical move of the stone is also important.
Koni game is also played by moving stones.
Children's games include kite-flying, rope skipping, top spinning, etc.