By Providing Treasured Sword for the Defence of the Country

 

Kim Il Sung founded the Anti-Japanese People’s Guerrilla Army on April 25 1932 to organize and wage an armed struggle in order to achieve the historic cause of national liberation. Right after Korea’s liberation from Japanese military rule in August 1945, he set forth the army-building line as one of the three tasks for building a new Korea.

In the post-liberation period when everything was in short supply and difficult, it was not an easy task to train competent military cadres and build regular armed forces equipped with all services and arms and special corps. The Korean people had no experience of building regular armed forces and were short of military cadres who were prepared in terms of military technique. Though the country was liberated, they had to build their economy from scratch owing to the aftermaths of the Japanese imperialists’ harsh colonial rule.

It was the steadfast determination and will of the President to found a regular revolutionary army with the nation’s own efforts without fail even if Korea was faced with difficulties. In the speech On Building the Party, State and Armed Forces in the Liberated Homeland he delivered to the military and political cadres of the Korean People’s Revolutionary Army on August 20 in Juche 34(1945), he stressed the need to found a strong national army capable of defending the country and nation and safeguarding the gains of the revolution in order for the country to become a fully independent and sovereign state.

He published To Build a Revolutionary Army, Let Us Found a True People’s Army, a Modern Regular Army and other works one after another to clarify the policy on building a regular revolutionary army, which is firmly armed politico-ideologically and equipped with modern military science and technology, with its own efforts by carrying on the tradition of the anti-Japanese revolution and the ways for its implementation.

He chose the site for the first school for training military and political cadres in November 1945 and named it Pyongyang Institute. Afterwards, he saw to it that the Security Officers Training Centre was organized as a core unit of the regular army and, on the basis of it, the regular army was organized and formed in the way of expanding different units and sub-units of services and arms.

Therefore, regular institutions of military education for training military and political cadres were set up and they were expanded and strengthened further. The anti-Japanese revolutionary fighters, who were dispatched to different parts of the country, played a pivotal role in building parent units of all services and arms.

In the wake of organization of the Maritime Security Corps and the flying corps of the Pyongyang Institute, the formation work of major units of arms was pushed, including those of artillerymen, sappers, tankmen, communications personnel. The establishment of the first munitions factory provided a foundation for a self-supporting armament industry.

A military parade was held in Pyongyang on February 8 in Juche 37(1948) to declare the founding of the Korean People’s Army.

The KPA, regular revolutionary armed forces inheriting the anti-Japanese tradition, created a legend of war victory in the three-year Fatherland Liberation War which was fought from June 1950 to July 1953 and firmly defended the destiny of the country and people while smashing constant moves of aggression by the imperialists.

 

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