System of Nursing and Upbringing of Children
in the DPRK
The DPRK is paying close attention to educating children as the pillars that would carry the future of the country.
The system of nursing and upbringing of children is playing a key role in realizing it.
Despite severe economic difficulties after Korea’s liberation in August 1945, the State diverted huge funds to establish the system of nursing and upbringing of children at social expense while building nurseries and kindergartens in cities and industrial establishments and state farms.
Even under the difficult situation during the Fatherland Liberation War (June 1950-July 1953) it kept directing efforts to bringing up children under public care and took several measures to establish baby homes and orphanages and bring up war orphans there.
After the war, the work of nursing and bringing up children at State expense entered a stage of development in keeping with the buildup of the foundations of the independent national economy and the establishment of the socialist system.
The State adopted the law on the nursing and upbringing of children in order to affirm the achievements made in the work legislatively and further develop them.
Pak Yong Min, a department director of the Ministry of Public Health, said: The DPRK adopted the “Law of the DPRK on the Nursing and Upbringing of Children” in 1976. The law serves as the legal and institutional mechanism to take care of the health and nutrition of all children in a scientific way at State expense.
The work of nursing and bringing up children in the country is conducted entirely at State and social expense, and every child enjoys the same State and social benefits, regardless of his or her parents’ occupation and the quantity and quality of their work done.
Nurseries and kindergartens are putting their work on a scientific footing: They create clean living environment for children as required by the upbringing and hygienic and anti-epidemic regulations, provide them with various kinds of foods and snacks according to the criterion of their nutrition and have regular medical check-ups.
Kindergartens direct primary efforts to the education of developing children’s intellectual faculties comprehensively, cultivating their emotions and artistic talents and training their physiques, with the main stress on moral education. In particular, they teach children standard Korean, Korean alphabets and calculation during the period of one-year pre-school education in order to prepare them to easily receive school education.
Last year, the oungum trio by the children of Kyongsong Kindergarten was acclaimed by the audience at an international festival held in Moscow. Many kindergartens across the country have produced a large number of children with distinguished talents. Credit to such achievements must go to the superior system of nursing and bringing up children in the DPRK.
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