December 9, Juche108(2019)

Custom of Korean Costume

The custom of Korean costume is a national intangible cultural heritage.

It is a traditional custom relating to the making of chima (long skirt) and jogori (coat) much favoured by the Korean women.

The traditional clothes for the Korean women are divided into two parts--chima and jogori. The upper jogori consists of collar, sleeves, collar strip, string and hoejang (colourful strips of cloth) for trimmings.

Pleatless chima with a waistband was convenient for action.

During the Koryo dynasty (918–1392), pleatless chima became more fashionable than pleated one, and the method of fixing chima to the waist developed into that of fixing it around the breast. During the feudal Joson dynasty (1392–1905) it became a vogue to make pleats only on the waist part of chima, and spread out its below part.

Hairdressing differed according to the style of chima and jogori. It also belongs to a part of the Korean women’s attire. The styles included braided hair and twisted hair.

Today, the techniques of making chima and jogori are developing through education at specialized colleges and schools dealing with the Korean costume, and through production in garment industry sector. They are also spreading through clothes exhibitions, technical courses, stylebooks, videos, and the broadcast on TV and radio.

The Korean attire is the most representative custom of the Korean nation.

The DPRK government is taking specific measures for preserving the custom in order to hand it down as an excellent tradition of the nation and enforcing relevant State and institutional policies.

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